Humphrey Bogart

(1899 – 1957)

Biographical Sketch

Humphrey DeForest Bogart (New York, NY, USA, December 25, 1899 – Los Angeles, CA, USA, January 14, 1957) was an American screen actor whose performances in iconic 1940s films noir such as The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, and The Big Sleep earned him status as a cultural icon.

Bogart began acting in 1921 after a hitch in the U.S. Navy in World War I and little success in various jobs in finance and the production side of the theater. Gradually he became a regular in Broadway shows in the 1920s and 1930s. When the stock market crash of 1929 reduced the demand for plays, Bogart turned to film. His first great success was as Duke Mantee in The Petrified Forest (1936), and this led to a period of typecasting as a gangster with films such as Angels with Dirty Faces (1938) and B-movies like The Return of Doctor X (1939).

Bogart’s breakthrough as a leading man came in 1941 with High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon. The next year, his performance in Casablanca (1943; Oscar nomination) raised him to the peak of his profession and, at the same time, cemented his trademark film persona, that of the hard-boiled cynic who ultimately shows his noble side. Other successes followed, including To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), and Key Largo (1948), all four with his wife Lauren Bacall; The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948); In a Lonely Place (1950); The African Queen (1951; Oscar winner); Sabrina (1954); and The Caine Mutiny (1954; Oscar nomination). His last film was The Harder They Fall (1956).

During a film career of almost 30 years, Bogart appeared in more than 75 feature films. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Bogart as the greatest male star of Classic American cinema. Over his career, he received three Academy Award nominations for Best Actor, winning one (for The African Queen).

 

Major Awards and Honors

Academy Awards (USA)
  • 1951: Best Actor – “The African Queen”
American Film Institute (AFI)
  • 1999: 100 Years, 100 Stars: Top 25 Legends (male) – No. 1
  • 2003: 100 Years, 100 Heroes and Legends: Top 50 Heroes – No. 4 (Rick Blaine, “Casablanca”)
  • 2003: 100 Years, 100 Heroes and Legends: Top 50 Heroes – No. 32 (Philip Marlowe, “The Big Sleep”)
  • 2005: 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes – 5th: “Here’s looking at you, kid.”  (Rick Blaine, “Casablanca”)
  • 2005: 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes – 14th: “The stuff that dreams are made of.” (Sam Spade, “The Maltese Falcon”)
  • 2005: 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes – 20th: “Louie, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship.” (Rick Blaine, “Casablanca”)
  • 2005: 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes – 43rd: “We’ll always have Paris.” (Rick Blaine, “Casablanca”)
  • 2005: 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes – 67th: “Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, she walks into mine.” (Rick Blaine, “Casablanca”)
Grauman’s Chinese Theater (Hollywood, CA, USA)
  • 1946: Hand- and Footprints in cement
Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • 1960: Star plaque

 

Filmography

  • The Dancing Town (1928)
    Role: Man in Doorway at Dance
  • Broadway’s Like That (1930)
    Role: Ruth’s Fiancé
  • Up the River (1930)
    Role: Steve Jordan
  • A Devil With Women (1930)
    Role: Tom Standish
  • Body and Soul (1931)
    Role: Jim Watson
  • Bad Sister (1931)
    Role: Valentine Corliss
  • A Holy Terror (1931)
    Role: Steve Nash
  • Women of All Nations (1931)
    Role: Stone (scenes deleted)
  • Love Affair (1932)
    Role: Jim Leonard
  • Big City Blues (1932)
    Role: Shep Adkins
  • Three on a Match (1932)
    Role: Harve
  • Midnight (1934)
    Role: Garboni
  • The Petrified Forest (1936)
    Role: 
    Duke Mantee
  • Bullets or Ballots (1936)
    Role: Nick “Bugs” Fenner
  • Two Against the World (1936)
    Role: Sherry Scott
  • China Clipper (1936)
    Role: Hap Stuart
  • Isle of Fury (1936)
    Role: Valentine “Val” Stevens
  • Black Legion (1937)
    Role: Frank Taylor
  • The Great O’Malley (1937)
    Role: 
    John Phillips
  • Marked Woman (1937)
    Role: David Graham
  • Kid Galahad (1937)
    Role: Turkey Morgan
  • San Quentin (1937)
    Role: Joe “Red” Kennedy
  • Dead End (1937)
    Role: Hugh “Baby Face” Martin
  • Stand-In (1937)
    Role: Doug Quintain
  • Swing Your Lady (1938)
    Role: Ed Hatch
  • Crime School (1938)
    Role: Deputy Commissioner Mark Braden
  • Men Are Such Fools (1938)
    Role: Harry Galleon
  • Racket Busters (1938)
    Role: Pete “Czar” Martin
  • The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (1938)
    Role: 
    “Rocks” Valentine
  • Angels with Dirty Faces (1938)
    Role: James Frazier
  • Swingtime in the Movies (1938)
    Role: Himself
  • King of the Underworld (1939)
    Role: Joe Gurney
  • The Oklahoma Kid (1939)
    Role: 
    Whip McCord
  • You Can’t Get Away with Murder (1939)
    Role: Frank Wilson
  • Dark Victory (1939)
    Role: Michael O’Leary
  • The Roaring Twenties (1939)
    Role: 
    George Hally
  • The Return of Doctor X (1939)
    Role: 
    Dr. Maurice Xavier, aka Marshall Quesne
  • Invisible Stripes (1939)
    Role: Chuck Martin
  • Virginia City (1940)
    Role: John Murrell
  • It All Came True (1940)
    Role: Grasselli aka Chips Maguire
  • Brother Orchid (1940)
    Role: Jack Buck
  • They Drive by Night (1940)
    Role: Paul Fabrini
  • High Sierra (1941)
    Role: Roy Earle
  • The Wagons Roll at Night (1941)
    Role: Nick Coster
  • The Maltese Falcon (1941)
    Role: Sam Spade
  • All Through the Night (1942)
    Role: Gloves Donahue
  • The Big Shot (1942)
    Role: Joseph “Duke” Berne
  • Across the Pacific (1942)
    Role: Rick Leland
  • Casablanca (1942)
    Role: Rick Blaine
  • Action in the North Atlantic (1943)
    Role: Lt. Joe Rossi
  • Sahara (1943)
    Role: Sgt. Joe Gunn
  • Thank Your Lucky Stars (1943)
    Role: Himself
  • Passage to Marseille (1944)
    Role: Jean Matrac
  • To Have and Have Not (1944)
    Role: Harry “Steve” Morgan
    With Lauren Bacall.
  • I Am an American (1944)
    Role: Himself
  • Conflict (1945)
    Role: Richard Mason
  • The Big Sleep (1946)
    Role: 
    Philip Marlowe
    With Lauren Bacall.
  • Two Guys From Milwaukee (1946)
    Role: Himself
  • Dead Reckoning (1947)
    Role: Capt. “Rip” Murdock
  • The Two Mrs. Carrolls (1947)
    Role: 
    Geoffrey Carroll
  • Dark Passage (1947)
    Role: Vincent Parry
    With Lauren Bacall.
  • The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)
    Role: 
    Fred C. Dobbs
  • Key Largo (1948)
    Role: Frank McCloud
    With Lauren Bacall.
  • Always Together (1948)
    Role: Himself
  • Knock on Any Door (1949)
    Role: Andrew Morton
  • Tokyo Joe (1949)
    Role: Joseph “Joe” Barrett
  • Chain Lightning (1950)
    Role: Lt. Col. Matthew “Matt” Brennan
  • In a Lonely Place (1950)
    Role: Dixon Steele
  • The Enforcer (1951)
    Role: District Attorney Martin Ferguson
  • Sirocco (1951)
    Role: Harry Smith
  • The African Queen (1951)
    Role: Charlie Allnut
  • Deadline – U.S.A. (1952)
    Role: Ed Hutcheson
  • The Road to Bali (1953)
    Role: Himself
  • Battle Circus (1953)
    Role: Major Jed Webbe
  • Beat the Devil (1953)
    Role: Billy Dannreuther
  • The Caine Mutiny (1954)
    Role: 
    Lt. Cmdr. Philip Francis Queeg
  • Sabrina (1954)
    Role: Linus Larrabee
  • The Barefoot Contessa (1954)
    Role: 
    Harry Dawes
  • The Love Lottery (1954)
    Role: Cameo role at end as himself in British Ealing comedy
  • We’re No Angels (1955)
    Role: Joseph
  • The Left Hand of God (1955)
    Role: 
    James “Jim” Carmody
  • The Desperate Hours (1955)
    Role: 
    Glenn Griffin
  • The Harder They Fall (1956)
    Role: 
    Eddie Willis
  • Dead Men Don’t Wear Plaid (1982)
    Role: Posthumously reprised role of Philip Marlowe via stock footage from The Big Sleep.
  • Tales From the Crypt (1995)
    – Season 6, episode 15, “You Murderer”: Contains archive footage of Bogart; also starring John Lithgow, and directed by Robert Zemekis.

 

Broadway Appearances

  • Drifting (Playhouse Theatre, New York, 1922)
    Roles: Third Husband / Ernie Crockett
  • Swifty (Playhouse Theatre, New York, 1922)
    Role: Tom Proctor
  • Meet the Wife (Klaw Theatre [later CBS Radio Playhouse No. 2], New York, 1923-1924)
    Role: Gregory Brown
  • Nerves (Comedy Theatre [later Artef Theatre], New York, 1924)
    Role: Bob Thatch
  • Hell’s Bells (Wallack’s Theatre, [later Anco Cinema], New York, 1925)
    Role: Jimmy Todhunter
  • Cradle Snatchers (Music Box Theatre, New York, 1925-1926)
    Role: Jose Vallejo
  • Baby Mine (Chanin’s 46th Street Theatre [later Richard Rodgers Theatre], New York, 1927)
    Role: Alfred Hardy
  • Saturday’s Children (Booth Theatre & Forrest [later Eugene O’Neill] Theatre, New York, 1927-1928)
    Role: Rims O’Neil
  • Skyrocket (Lyceum Theatre, New York, 1929)
    Role: Vic. Ewing
  • It’s a Wise Child (Belasco Theatre, New York, 1929-1930)
    Role: Roger Baldwin
  • After All (Booth Theatre, New York, 1931)
    Role: Duff Wilson
  • I Loved You Wednesday (Sam H. Harris Theatre, New York, 1932)
    Role: Randall Williams
  • Chrysalis (Martin Beck Theatre [later Al Hirschfeld Theatre], New York, 1932)
    Role: Don Ellis
  • Our Wife (Booth Theatre, New York, 1933)
    Role: Jerry Marvin
  • The Mask and the Face (Guild Theatre [later August Wilson Theatre], New York, 1933)
    Role: Luciano Spina
  • Invitation to a Murder (Theatre Masque [later John Golden Theatre], New York, 1934)
    Role: Horatio Channing
  • The Petriefied Forest (Broadhurst Theatre, New York, 1935)
    Role: Duke Mantee

 

A Selection of Quotes

Casablanca

“Here’s looking at you, kid.”

“Louie, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship.”

“We’ll always have Paris.”

“Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, she walks into mine.”

The Maltese Falcon

“The stuff that dreams are made of.”

 

Links

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